Wood is a versatile organic material and the only renewable construction material. Wooden structures have certain properties that make them durable and strong.
With an adequate fire retardant treatment, wood can be a reliable construction material with long service life. You can also get more information about architect detached house via https://www.wood.no/prosjekter/pabygg-baerum.
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Benefits of Wood
1. Thermal Properties: Wood does not experience a major expansion with heat. Also, the combination of low thermal conductivity and high specific heat provides insulation
2. Acoustic Properties: Wood can amplify or mitigate sound based on its orientation. Sound is transmitted along the grain direction and mitigated in the perpendicular direction.
Understanding the Limitations of Wood
Wood has limitations like any construction material, but these can be mitigated with several protection methods. Ideally, wood should be used in products that take advantage of its benefits, and where its limitations are not major issues.
1. Shrinkage and Swelling: Wood is hygroscopic, which means it absorbs moisture from the air. This causes wood to shrink and swell.
2. Biotic deterioration: Since wood is an organic material, it is food for some plants and animals. Biological deterioration can occur from the attack of fungi, termites, beetles, ants, etc.
3. Abiotic deterioration: Non-biological deterioration of wood can be caused by the sun, wind, water, chemicals, and fire. Using thick wood as a structural element can help mitigate deterioration.